Type 2 diabetes is a common condition. A 2017 report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) found that 30.3 million American adults have diabetes. The report also estimates that another 84.1 million American adults have pre-diabetes.
People with prediabetes have higher blood sugar levels than usual, but doctors have not yet considered diabetes. According to the CDC, people with prediabetes often develop type 2 diabetes within five years if they don’t take any measure like the Diabetes Freedom Program.
The onset of type 2 diabetes may occur gradually and may be mild in the early stages. As a result, many people may not be aware of this condition. Follow are some main signals of the type 2 diabetes.
Increased Thirst or a Dry Mouth
Hyperglycemia has a domino effect in the body. High blood sugar levels increase urine production and require more frequent urination. Frequent urination causes a great loss of fluids and dehydration. The result is dry and thirsty mouth. If you notice that you drink more than usual, or if you are often dry and thirsty, it may be a sign of type 2 diabetes.
Always Feeling Hungry
People with diabetes often do not get enough energy from the food they eat. The digestive system breaks down food into simple sugars called glucose, which the body uses as fuel. In people with diabetes, not enough of this glucose travels from the bloodstream to the somatic cells. As a result, people with type 2 diabetes are always hungry, regardless of how recently they have eaten.
Pain and Numbness in the Feet
Over time, prolonged exposure to high blood sugar levels can damage the nerves of the body, a condition called diabetic neuropathy. Some people have no signs of the damage; others may feel numbness, tingling and pain in the extremities. It is more common in people with type 2 diabetes for more than 25 years, but it can also occur in people with prediabetes. In some studies, with or without pain, almost 50% of unexplained peripheral neuropathies in the extremities appear to be caused by pre-diabetes or diabetes, Dr. Einhorn said.
Slow Healing of Cuts and Wounds
High blood sugar levels can damage the nerves and blood vessels of the body and affect blood circulation. As a result, minor wounds and wounds may take weeks or months to heal. Slow wound healing increases the risk of infection.
Blurred Vision Could Be a Result of Rapid Blood Sugar Changes
The eye lens is a flexible membrane suspended by muscles that change the shape of the lens to focus the eye. In environments with high sugar, such as uncontrolled type 2 diabetes, the flexural capacity of the lens is changing. The lens is not damaged, but the eye muscles must work harder to focus.
Einhorn says that blurred vision occurs when there is a rapid change in blood sugar (low to high, high to low) and the eye muscles have not yet adapted. Blurred vision is one of the first warning signs of type 2 diabetes. The body then adapts to sugar levels and vision returns to normal.
Itching and Yeast Infections
Excess sugar in the blood and urine provides food for the yeast and can cause infections. Yeast infections usually occur in warm, moist areas of the skin, such as the mouth, genitals and armpits. The affected area is usually itchy, but people may experience burns, redness and pain.