According to the latest estimates from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), more than 100 million American adults have prediabetes or type 2 diabetes. However, the number of people who know they have the diseases — which can lead to life-threatening complications, like blindness and heart disease — is far lower . Many same symptoms of diabetes occur in both men and women, but some features are unique to women.
Pregnancy and Diabetes
If a woman with type 2 diabetes decides to get pregnant, she should take special care when treating the condition. Although it is possible to have a healthy pregnancy and give birth to a healthy baby when you have diabetes, uncontrolled diabetes can increase the risk of miscarriage, premature birth, birth defects and other complications.
Your first step to a healthy pregnancy is to plan this in advance and make sure your blood sugar level is stable while trying. This is because high blood sugar levels are transmitted to the fetus through the placenta and may increase the risk of birth defects, especially during the first trimester when the fetal organs are developing. High blood sugar can also pose risks to the mother, such as kidney and eye problems with diabetes and a difficult delivery.
Oral and vaginal thrush
Some symptoms of diabetes are unique to
Diabetic women are prone to a yeast infection, sores of the mouth and vagina. High blood sugar levels create an ideal breeding ground for the Candida fungus that causes such conditions.
• vaginal discharge
• itchy sensations
• dyspareunia or painful sex
• White coating on the tongue if the fungus infects the mouth.
People with diabetes often develop different types of infections than people without diabetes, and are more likely to have more severe symptoms and complications. High blood sugar levels in the body affect the ability of the immune system to respond to pathogens such as bacteria, viruses and fungi.
Urinary tract infections (UTIs)
Women with diabetes have an increased risk of urinary tract infection (UTI). In a 2015 study, 12.9% of the women studied developed UTI in the first year after being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. Only 3.9% experience men.
Symptoms of a UTI include:
- painful, burning urination
- cloudy urine
- blood in the urine
Women with diabetes has Urinary infections should seek treatment as soon as possible to prevent further complications such as kidney infections.
Coronary heart disease
The leading cause of death in diabetic women is heart disease. The ADA states that diabetic women are twice as likely to have a heart attack and four times more likely to have heart failure than women without diabetes. A study published in the Journal of Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Disease in 2011 found that women with type 2 diabetes also had a higher risk than men with diabetes. The researchers, who studied 1,297 men and 1,168 women in 10 diabetes clinics, found that women smoke less, have higher levels of LDL and non-HDL cholesterol, and have higher systolic blood pressure. The researchers do not know what led to gender inequality, but noted more obesity and poor diabetes management among women.
To keep the heart healthy in type 2 diabetes, the ADA recommends exercising regularly, following a low-fat diet, controlling blood pressure. If you want to reverse the type 2 diabetes, you can check Diabetes Freedom Program which is one of the effective guides for reversing type 2 diabetes.
According to the National Institute of Diabetes and NIDDK, almost 42% of women with type 2 diabetes report sexual dysfunction. This includes decreased libido, pain and discomfort during sex, vaginal dryness and reduced sensation. Women with nerve damage from diabetes can interfere with the body’s response to sexual stimulation. Changes in blood sugar can cause fatigue and irritation, and can reduce sexual desire.